The Basics Of Dungeons & Dragons: Everything You Need To Know

Dungeons & Dragons is now in its 5th edition, which was released in 2014. The game is set in a realm where magic exists

Dungeons & Dragons, also known as D&D, is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) created by Dave Arneson and Gary Gygax in 1974. Dungeons & Dragons is now in its 5th edition, which was released in 2014. The game is set in a realm where magic exists, good and evil are at war, political intrigue takes place behind closed doors, dragons soar through the skies, and heroes thirst for adventure. You can play this game alone or with friends. The following are the basics of the game and everything you need to know about it:


Dungeons & Dragons


How to Play


To play a simple game of Dungeons & Dragons, you’ll need the following items:

  • A copy of the Dungeons & Dragons: 5th Edition rulebook
  • A set of polyhedral dice (d4, d6, d8, d10, d12, d20)
  • A D&D character sheet
  • A pencil


The game begins with a group of people sitting around a table collectively imagining the fantasy world where they are playing D&D. They use figurines to represent different items, locations, and multiple-sided dice (or polyhedral dice) to determine what happens during gameplay. 

A Dungeon Master (DM) is the person who runs the game, which means that they will answer any questions players have about what happens in the fantasy world. They also create a storyline for the group to follow and describe locations to them throughout their adventure. 

The DM can be described as a referee of sorts, keeping tabs on rules and maintaining order between all players involved. The DM should have a decent understanding of D&D before creating a story, so if they are new to D&D, it is recommended to play a few practice games first. 

It is also the responsibility of the Dungeon Master to create their own adventures for players so that they can go on epic quests and explore dangerous DnD terrains, fighting monsters and completing individual missions. D&D is straightforward to learn, especially when the Dungeon Master knows what they are doing.


Gameplay Rules



The D&D rules are relatively simple, especially if you have played other games where you roll dice to determine the outcome of an event. D&D has five different stats that each player creates for their character: Strength, Dexterity, Constitution, Intelligence, and Wisdom. Each stat can range in numbers from 3-18 depending on if your character is a Wizard, Fighter, Rogue, etc. For example, if your character is an Elf, their Dexterity might be at 14 and Intelligence at 12 because Elves tend to be nimble and wise.

Players also create a name and backstory for the character they will control during gameplay and select where it is from (known as a race). The player then distributes their stat points, which is done by drawing from a hat. Each player gets four different colored stones and puts them in a bag.

The players then take turns picking different color stones out of the bag until they have allocated their stat points to one stat per stone they have chosen. They will then roll dice based on what kind of class they are playing, which determines the game’s outcome.

Each character also has abilities that are unique depending on what kind of character it is. These include spells for Wizards, bonus actions for Rogues, and the ability to detect hidden creatures for other classes.

The game is also pretty flexible in terms of allowing players to try different things with their characters. They can break the rules if they would like to test something out without worrying about consequences that might affect the entire party, making it easier for players to play the game, because they can try different things in a non-competitive environment.

The final thing about the gameplay is that each player has spells and abilities that they can use to defeat monsters or complete missions. If you are unfamiliar with these rules, it is recommended to look them up online or ask your Dungeon Master for clarification before playing D&D.

D&D is a fun game that allows players to create their own characters and explore different kinds of worlds depending on what your Dungeon Master wants you to do. New players should look up the rules online before playing, but DnD is fairly easy to pick up after one or two games are played.

Ian Cullen is the founder of and has been a fan of science fiction and fantasy from birth. In the past few years he has written for 'Star Trek' Magazine as well as interviewed numerous comics writers, television producers and actors for the SFP-NOW podcast at: When he is not writing for Ian enjoys playing his guitar, studying music, watching movies and reading his comics. Ian is both the founder and owner of You can contact ian at: [email protected]
2 Comments on this post.
  • Dominic Walsh
    25 October 2021 at 3:55 pm -

    Great article Ian! I’m going to try and play D&D at some point next month!

    • Ian Cullen
      25 October 2021 at 10:23 pm -

      Cool. I hope you enjoy it.

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